Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for pain that women have before or during menses known as their period. It usually is not serious. Menstrual cramps can feel like a dull ache or a shooting pain. They most often occur in your low stomach.
If you're trying to conceive , you might wonder if having painful periods will make it harder for you to get pregnant. While cramps themselves won't affect your ability to get pregnant, the cause of your painful menstrual cycles could have an impact on your fertility. Cramps are caused by prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are naturally occurring chemicals and can be found in tissues throughout the body, including in the uterus. They also trigger the uterine muscles to contract, which helps expel the uterine lining during menstruation. Prostaglandins are also involved in inducing labor contractions and childbirth. If your levels of prostaglandins are too high, it can trigger uterine contractions that are more intense.